During a home inspection the home inspector will most likely start their inspection on the outside of the home. The exterior inspection is broken up into many categories. These categories include siding, windows, doors, trim, landscaping and grading, garage and carports, retaining walls, and around the house. Each of these categories are broken up into sub-categories through the home inspection report.
For example, there are many different types of siding. Therefore, the home inspector will be looking for different things depending on the type of siding. Types of siding include vinyl siding, metal siding, wood siding, brick and stone facings, brick veneer, clay or slate shingles, stucco, asbestos cement, and asphalt composition. Here is a brief list of what the home inspector is looking for when inspecting different types of siding.
Inspecting wood siding: broken, missing, or loose components, decay and wood rot, nail problems, peeling and blistering paint, buckling, cupping and warping, water penetration at interfaces
Inspecting metal and vinyl siding : interference with moisture release, missing caulking, courses not level, loose and missing planks, bad trim installation, mechanical damage
Inspecting stucco siding : cracks that go through all layers, offset cracks and breaks, water penetration, cracks that hold water, detachment from the wall, exposed lath or chicken wire
Inspecting masonry walls : cracking above openings, deterioration of mortar, bowing, leaning, or distortions
Inspecting brick veneer : detachment or separation of the veneer, bowed or cracking veneer
Inspecting solid brick: cracking in the brick, deterioration of mortar or brick
Doors, Windows, Trim:
While inspecting the trim the home inspector will be looking for loose nails, or missing pieces, proper installation, painting and caulking, broken or split pieces, and wood rot.
While inspecting the windows the home inspector will be checking for missing flashing, rotted framing, sagging header, rusted or rotting lintel, storms and screens, loose or missing caulking, discolored or missing glazing.
While inspecting the doors the home inspector will be checking for storm and screen doors, headers, framing, door operation, caulking, and door condition.
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